History Study Notes

Below are some study notes for the Ch. 12 History test on Friday, May 11th.

1.) People

  • Frederick Douglass and Sojourner Truth were both abolitionists who were once slaves
  • John Brown – attacked an Army post to start a slave rebellion, later was hanged
  • Abraham Lincoln – grew up on a farm and didn’t have much time to go to school
  • Harriet Tubman – led slaves to freedom
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe- wrote “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”
  • Jefferson Davis – President of the Confederates

2.) Terms

  • Fugitive Slave Law – required people to return runaway slaves to slavery
  • Dred Scott decision – Supreme Court ruled that slaves were property and had no rights
  • secede – to withdrawal from a union
  • popular sovereignty – states could make their own decision about allowing slavery
  • sectionalism – loyalty to one part of the country
  • Union – another name for the United States
  • tariff – tax on imported goods

3.) Compromises

  • Missouri Compromise of 1820 – Missouri became slave state and Maine became free state, Congress created an invisible line and all the states south of that line would allow slavery
  • Compromise of 1850 – Congress allowed popular sovereignty to some territories
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854 -gave popular sovereignty to Kansas and Nebraska territories, abolitionists were upset because Nebraska was north of the line created in the Missouri Compromise, Kansas ended up being a free state

3.) Miscellaneous

  • North had more factories than the South
  • sectionalism was caused by tariffs and slavery
  • “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” told about the cruely of slavery
  • Southern states seceded to protect slavery
  • Civil War started when Confederates attacked Fort Sumter
  • abolitionists printed antislavery newspapers
  • Underground Railroad led to Canada, Mexico, Florida, Caribbean

Four states seceded after the attack on Fort Sumter

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